Colombo Journal of Multi-disciplinary Research (CJMR), a bi-annual refereed publication, dedicated to publish articles, reviews and scholarly comments relating to any field of studies. The Journal is a multi-disciplinary, innovative and international in its approach. It will include theoretical and conceptual articles as well as empirical studies covering both historical and contemporary issues/ events. CJMR is published by the Faculty of Graduate Studies, University of Colombo, Sri Lanka.


ISSN 2362-0633 (print)



The Colombo Journal of Multi-disciplinary Research (CJMR) publishes papers based on original research pertaining to all facets of development. Within this broad field, CJMR is particularly interested in receiving original research papers on the following areas: Economic development, labor markets, trade and regional integration.

  • Entrepreneurship, SMEs and microfinance
  • Livelihoods, poverty and gender equality
  • Civil society, human rights, justice and well-being
  • Literacy, education and health
  • Conflict, governance and security
  • Environmental transformation, natural disasters and emergency management
  • Information technology and Information systems management
  • Indigenous medicine and western medicine
  • Languages and speech therapy
  • Business Management




Editorial Advisory Board
H. D. Karunaratne, Vice Chancellor, University of Colombo, Sri Lanka
K. P. Hewagamage, University of Colombo School of Computing, Sri Lanka
Gavin Jack, Department of Management, Monash Business School, Australia
Subha Vishnudas, School of Engineering, University of Science and Technology, India
Jennifer Perera, Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, University of Colombo, Sri Lanka
Chief Editor
Professor A. A. Azeez, Dean, Faculty of Graduate Studies, University of Colombo, Sri Lanka
Managing Editor
G. D. Samarasinghe, Department of Industrial Management, University of Moratuwa, Sri Lanka
Nirmali Wijegoonawardana, Department of History, University of Colombo, Sri Lanka
Jinendra Dissanayake, Department of Plant Sciences, University of Colombo, Sri Lanka
Kumudinei Dissanayake, Department of Management and Organization Studies, University of Colombo, Sri Lanka
Gunendra R. K. Dissanayake, Department of Psychology, University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka
Thusitha B. Abeysekara, Legal Studies Unit, University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Sri Lanka
David Stoten, Newcastle Business School, Northumbria University, The United Kingdom
Text Editor
W. M. S. R. Weerasekera, Department of International Business, University of Colombo, Sri Lanka



Submitted papers must not be under consideration by any other publisher; authors must attest to this at the time of submission. It is also the author’s responsibility to disclose any potential conflict of interest regarding the submitted manuscript.

The CJMR is a peer-reviewed Journal and follows a two-step review process. All papers submitted to the CJMR are first scrutinized by the editors to determine their suitability. Papers found to be suitable are then assessed by peer reviewers in a double-blind review process. Papers should be formatted on MS Word and sent electronically to the Chief Editor at cjmr@fgs.cmb.ac.lk

Call for Papers

Colombo Journal of Multidisciplinary Research (CJMR)
Faculty of Graduate Studies
University of Colombo

The Colombo Journal of Multidisciplinary Research (CJMR), a refereed research publication, publishes articles, reviews and scholarly comment on original research. The journal is multi-disciplinary, innovative and international in its approach. It includes theoretical and conceptual articles as well as empirical studies covering both historical and contemporary issues/events. CJMR is published by Faculty of Graduate Studies, University of Colombo.

Guidelines for Preparation of Research Papers

Papers should be between 7000 to 8000 words in length. All papers must be accompanied by a short abstract in 200 words, full institutional affiliation, postal and email addresses and brief profile of the author/s.

Papers submitted to CJMR must not be under consideration by any other publisher; authors must attest to this at the time of submission.

Papers should be formatted in MS Word and sent electronically to the Editor at cjmr@fgs.cmb.ac.lk

Submit your manuscript by filling extended abstract submission form on or before 31st of August 2022.

Please send an email for any information to the edit at cjmr@fgs.cmb.ac.lk

Guideline for Manuscript Formatting

Manuscript Formatting

  1. All articles should be typed on one side of the paper (preferably A4) and 1.5 -spaced throughout (not only the text but also displayed quotations, notes, references and any other matter).
  2. Notes should be numbered serially and presented at the end of the article. Notes must contain more than a mere reference.
  3. British spellings be used throughout; universal ‘z’ in ‘-ize’ and ‘-ization’ words.
  4. Use single quotes throughout. Spellings of words in quotations should not be changed. When directly quoting from a work, include the page number in the citation.
  5. For exact measurements use only figures (3 km, 9 per cent not %). Use international number system (i.e., thousands, millions, billions, etc.).
  6. References are to be embedded in text in the anthropological style, e.g., ‘(Smith, 2012) Citations should be first alphabetical and then chronological, for example, (Ahmed, 2000, 2012; Daminda 1987, Vidanagama 1960)’. Citation styles: One Work by One Author: (Walker 2000); One Work by Multiple Authors: (Walker and Weerasinghe, 2000); Two or More Works by Different Authors in One Citation: (Balda, 1980; Kamil, 1988, Pepperberg & Funk, 1990); Two or More Works by the Same Author(s) in One Citation: (Edeline & Weinberger, 1991, 1993); Two or More Works Published in the Same Year by the Same Author(s): (Johnson, 1991a, 1991b, 1991c). (Silva et al., 2009), Silva et al. (2010) states …
  7. Tables and figures to be indicated by number (e.g., see Table 1), not by placement (e.g. see Table below). Short and crisp titles and headings in tables and figures are preferred. Present each table and figure on a separate sheet of paper, gathering them together at the end of article.
  8. All articles, books and theses should be listed in alphabetical order of author, giving the author’s surname first followed by initials. If more than one publication by the same author is listed, the items should be given in chronological order. Below are the few examples of APA style referencing (for detailed referencing style, please refer to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association):


Andreasen, N. C. (2001). Brave new brain: Conquering mental illness in the era of the genome. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.

Edited Book:

Teheranian, M., Hakimzadeh, F., & Vidale, M.L. (eds.). (1977). Communications policy for national development: A comparative perspective. London: Routledge&Kegan Paul Ltd.

Chapter in an Edited Book:

Ferres, K. (2001). Idiot box: Television, urban myths and ethical scenarios. In I. Craven (Ed.), Australian cinema in the 1990s (pp. 175-188). London, England: Frank Cass.

Journal Article: Online and Hardcopy

D’Haenes, L., Jankowski, N., & Heuvelman, A. (2004). News in online and print newspapers: Differences in reader consumption and recall. New Media &Society, 6(3), 363–382.

Storey, K. B. (2004). Functional metabolism: Regulation and adaptation. Retrieved from http://www.netLibrary.com/urlapi.asp?action=summary

Magazine Article:

Gowariker, I., & Anderson, P. (2009, August).Guided by Angels.Dare: Because Entrepreneurs do, 2, 18.

Newspaper Article:

Sengupta, D. (2009, December 2). Economy, Finance & Markets: Night lights to help figure out real economic growth now. The Economic Times, p. 7.


Sen, A. (2006, March 29). What clash of civilization? Why religious identity isn’t destiny. Retrieved 2 December 2009, from http://www.slate.com/id/2138731/

Website (no author or date):

Islam in India.(n.d.). Retrieved 2 December 2009, from http://adaniel.tripod.com/Islam.html

Unpublished Work:

Srivastava, N. (2008). Attrition: A critical trouble for Indian IT Companies. Unpublished dissertation thesis. Mudra Institute of Communications, Ahmedabad.

Conference Proceedings:

Schnase, J.L., & Cunnius, E.L. (Eds). (1995). Proceedings from CSCL ‘95: The First International Conference on Computer Support for Collaborative Learning. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

More cases consult APA referencing style.

Declaration Form for Corresponding Author

Submit the Manuscript

FGS – CJMR Journal – March & November 2023 – Volume 08 – No. 01 & 02

Diagnostic of COVID-19 Pneumonia through Convolutional Neural Networks Using Chest X-RAY
K. R. A. L. Kahatapitya, G. P. Liyanage*, K. G. S. U. R. Bandara and K. B. A. Madushi

Impact of Organisational Identification and Moral Identity Centrality on Organisational Engagement of Millennial MBA Students in Sri Lanka: A Social Identity Perspective
K. A. D. I. Udayangi* and G. A. T. R. Perera

The Impact of Hedonic Shopping Motives on Online Fashion Clothing Shoppers’ Compulsive Buying Behaviour in Sri Lanka
H. R. D. A. N. Ramanayake and G. T. T. K. Pushpasiri*

Student-centered Learning Approaches in The State Universities of Sri Lanka: Exploring Socio-cultural Impacts through A Conceptual Analysis
Rizna Bishri*

Book Review
Len Garis, Colette Squires and Darryl Plecas,The Essentials of Leadership in Government: Understanding the Basics, Len Garis, University of the Fraser Valley, 2018,
Pages: 142, Price: $28.85, ISBN: 978-1791502188
Kumudinei Dissanayake*

FGS – CJMR Journal – March & November 2022 – Volume 07 – No. 01 & 02

The Purchase Intention towards Green Cosmetics among Female Consumers in Sri Lanka: Role of Health Value as a Mediator
F. J. Ahsan* and U. Ferdinando

Prevention of Destructive Fishing Practices: Prospects and Challenges in Law Reform
A. G. S. D. De Silva*, M. A. Samarasekara, R. Thusyanthini, and A. K. D. D. De Silva

The Impact of Exchange Rate Volatility on Export Earnings: Evidence from Sri Lanka
I. W. Rathnayaka* and D. D. P. M. Dunusinghe

Women Entrepreneurs and Poverty Alleviation in Floriculture of Colombo District in Sri Lanka
T. S. K. Basnayake*

Book Review
Senathiraja, R., Kapiyangoda, K., and Rajishtha De Alwis Seneviratne, Entrepreneurial and Strategic Behaviour of Award-Winning
Entrepreneurs in Sri Lanka, 2020, Kumaran Book House, Sri Lanka, Pages:127, Price LKR 700, ISBN:955659-707-7

S. Buvanendra*

CJMR Journal January 2022 – Volume 06 – No 02

The Influence of Green Packaging, Green Campaigns and Green Attitude on Green Behavioural Intentions of Consumers: Evidence from Sri Lanka
J. A. S. C. Jayasinghe


The Usage of Social Media during COVID- 19 Lockdown Period of 2020 in Sri Lanka
S. J. Jinasena and P. N’ Weerasinghe


A Financial Resource but a Disloyal Group: Inquiring Sri Lankans’ Perceptions towards ‘Sri Lankan Migrants’
P. Jayawardena


Qualitative Study on Perceptions of Female Graduates towards the Sector of Employment
O. K. De Silva Ariyabandhu


China’s Engagement with Maritime Nations: A Case Study
B. Senaratne and N. Melegoda


CJMR Journal March 2021 – Volume 06 – No 01

A Conceptual Analysis on ‘ASEAN Way’ as a Normative Approach for Conducting Regional Affairs
S.C. Padmakumara


Factors Associated with Knowledge Sharing Capabilities of IT Professionals in Sri Lanka
Prajapathy Dissanayake and Rajaletchumie Senathiraja


Influence of Supply Chain Actors in Tea Export Planning: A Sri Lankan Case Study
K.K. Kapiyangoda and D.D.R.M. Karunaratne


Fall of Monuments as a Tool for Social Change
N. Wijegoonawardana


The Pattern of Temporary International Migration in Sri Lanka
Lakshman Dissanayake and Irangi Samarakoon


CJMR Journal March & November 2020 – Volume 05 – No 01 & 02

Encountering COVID 19: Human Resource Management (HRM) Practices in a Pandemic Crisis
Kumudinei Dissanayake


Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and Policy Inconsistence in Nigeria (1970-2016)
M.Y Kabra and K. Amirthalingam


The Spatial Variation of Mugil Cephalus in the Negombo Estuary in Relation to Physico-chemical Parameters
B.R.C Mendis, M. M. M. Najim, H. M. P. Kithsiri and Lahiru Udayangana


Enriching Academic Vocabulary of the Undergraduates in Technological Study Stream in Sri Lanka: A Comparative Exploration of the Effectiveness of Virtual Blended and Face-to-Face Modes
R. P. Dharmawardene, T. A. Weerasinghe and M.G.L. Ananda


The Evolution of International Relations Scholarship and its Praxis in Sri Lanka: A Review of Historical Evidence
Nayani Melegoda and Sandunika Hasangani


Achieving Sustainable Development Goals 4 and 16 in Former War-torn Countries through Peace Education
Maneesha S. Wanasinghe-Pasqual


CJMR Journal June 2015 – Volume 02 – No 01







CJMR Journal December 2015 – Volume 02 – No 02








CJMR Journal November 2017 – Volume 03 – No 01








CJMR Journal November 2018 – Volume 03 – No 02








CJMR Journal November 2019 – Volume 04 – No 01